ENT Knowledge Base
What is your symptom?
Lots of different problems e.g. acute infection of middle ear, nerves problem can act as single causes or combined causes giving rise to ear pain.
Hearing problem severely impedes the growth of a child as it affects the speech and cognitive development adversely. In the cases of congenital problems, hearing aids or implants is used to improve the hearing. If there is fluid behind the ear drum and impedes the hearing, insertion of tubes to drain out the fluid is recommended.
Paediatric Audiological Assessment
Discharge from ear
The cause is mainly due to ear infections
Acute Otitis Media with Perforation and Discharge The cause is mainly due to ear infections
It is commonly seen in children. The usual cause is Rhinitis, either acute or chronic. One thing that has to pay attention to is the color of discharge. Another common cause is insertion of foreign bodies into the nostrils.
For those who have chronic rhinitis e.g. hay fever, nose bleeding can happen frequently as there are frequent irritation of nose and thus severe nose block. Nose bleed in child is usually a minor case when compared to an adult as the bleeding point is at the front cavity of the nose. If the bleeding cannot be stopped in 30 min, immediate medical care is necessary.
Thin Nasal Lining
Normal Nasal Lining
Snoring And OSA
Loud habitual snoring and pauses of breathing during sleep pose severe adverse effect on health and intellectual development of children. Medical assessment is required if any of the following symptoms present:
Loud habitual snoring
Episodic cessation of snoring or breathing
Restless sleep or frequent turning
Abnormal sleeping position
Night terrors or sleep walking
Enuresis ( wetting the bed at night)
Difficulty in waking up
Short attention span and poor concentration
Mood changes and irritability
Failure to thrive
Tonsillar Hypertrophy (Enlargement)
Recurrent sore throat
When there is recurrent sore throat, we may consider the child has recurrent tonsillitis. Generalized fatigue and fever are accompanied with the symptom of sore throat.
Hoarseness of Voice
It is commonly seen in children which is mainly due to overuse of voice. Speech therapy is the option of treatment in such cases.
There are many causes that give rise to speech delay which is a kind of speech problems. From the ENT point of view, hearing assessment is performed as impaired hearing might be the cause of speech delay.